Development status of industrial robots
Industrial robots, as the representative of the emerging industries to create updated industry through the development of new demand, is the key to China made in China, 2025, is China's economy after entering the new normal, drive the new engine of economic development.
Will take effect on October 1, 2017 in the latest national standand in classification of economic sectors, robotics for the first time as an independent industry listed in the national economy industry classification, according to the new classification of industrial robot manufacturing and small class two special homework robot manufacture industry, to say our country's industrial robots have to fast track scale development stage. The author has combed the development of industrial robots in China.
Firstly, from the global perspective, the global manufacturing transformation and upgrading began in 2014, and the demand for industrial robots increased significantly, reaching a growth rate of 19.5%. By 2016, the number of industrial robots in the world was about 290,000, up 12.4 percent year on year. The number of global industrial robots is expected to be 322,000 in 2017 and 414,000 in 2019.
From 2016 countries (regions) industrial robot orders, no doubt become the largest consumer in the asia-pacific region, including 85000 China industrial robot orders alone, more than Japan, South Korea, Germany, the sum of the three orders.
Domestic industrial robot industry entered the stage of rapid growth since 2009, domestic industrial robot sales in 2015 for 2015, accounting for 27% of total global industrial robot sales, domestic industrial robot sales are expected in 2017 for 104000, the growth rate of 22.4%. According to relevant statistics, the production of industrial robots in China increased by 52.3 percent year-on-year in the first half of 2017, which was 24.1 percentage point higher than the same period last year, and was the first in all kinds of industrial products.
Chinese industrial robot sales accounted for global sales ratio is increasing every year, starting in 2013, the proportion was more than 20%, is expected to reach 2017 accounted for 34.2%, with the increase of domestic demand for industrial robots and the rise of Chinese brand in the next few years the higher proportion will continue to maintain.
In the market, domestic industrial robots have a high degree of market concentration. In 2015, foreign brands accounted for 70% of the market share, and only four families accounted for more than 50% of the market share. We can also see the rise of domestic robots, which sold 29,000 robots in 2016, up 30.9% year on year, and the market share reached a new high of 32.6%. At present, guangzhou kai fan, evert, xson, eston, guangnc and new time have started early, all have some scale and technical strength.
If the current market is divided into four individual team, the first echelon without a doubt for the robot four families, the second tier for Europe, established companies such as panasonic, kawasaki heavy industries, the third tier for siasun, guangzhou and other domestic nc, guangzhou up relatively well-known robot manufacturers.
Industrial chain is divided into upstream, middle and lower reaches of industrial robot industry. Upstream production of core components: including reducer, servo system, controller; Midstream is an ontology manufacturer, including industrial robot body. Downstream is system integrator, including single system integrator, integrated system integrator.
Speed reducer: China's industrial robot began late with precision reducer research, and the technology was immature, so that the precision reducer could not be self-sufficient and depended heavily on imports. Japan has an absolute lead over the high-precision robot reducer, and now 75 percent of the precision reducer in the global robotics industry is dominated by Japan's Nabtesco and HarmonicDrive.
Servo motor: at present the domestic high-end market is mainly occupied by foreign famous enterprises, mainly from Japan and Europe and the United States, the future domestic substitution space is large. At present, foreign brands account for nearly 80% of the market share of China's ac servo market, mainly from Japan and Europe and the United States. Among them, the Japanese products to the largest market share of about 50%; its famous brands such as panasonic, mitsubishi electric, yaskawa, sanyo, Fuji, etc., its products is characterized by technology and performance level is in accordance with the needs of users in China, with good cost performance and high reliability obtained stable and continuous source of customers, especially in the small and medium-sized OEM market monopoly advantage. In the next five years, China's servo system industry will benefit from the impact of industrial upgrading, will maintain relatively fast growth, and domestic substitution space is still very large.
Controller: the software part of the robot controller is the "heart" of industrial robot, which is the key component of the gap of the foreign product in robot products. At present, the controllers of foreign mainstream robot manufacturers are independently developed on the basis of the versatile multi-axis motion controller platform, and each brand machine has its own control system to match it. So the controller's market share is basically the same as the robot. After years of precipitation, the domestic robot controller hardware platform used by compared with foreign products, there is not a big gap gap is mainly reflected in the control algorithm and the usability of second development platform. In the next few years, China's domestic robots will be developed rapidly, and the domestic robot controller application market will face better development opportunities, especially in the field of sports control for many years.
System integration: integration system research and development, is the most profitable robot industry chain is also the highest technical threshold, under normal circumstances, the system integration market size of the robot body three times the size of the market. The main competitive advantage of Chinese enterprises is the system integration. 80% of the robot enterprises in China are concentrated in this field, but the general scale is small and the annual output value is not high. Moreover, as the threshold of entry system integration becomes lower and lower, the bargaining power of enterprises and upstream and downstream enterprises is weaker, the gross profit is not high, and the competition is more intense.